NOVEMBER 22, 2010: From resolution to reality

From resolution to reality: Lessons learned from Afghanistan, Nepal and Uganda on women's participation in peacebuilding and post-conflict governance

Source: CARE

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- Nepal: the Country Study was conducted by Consultant Lesley Abdela, Senior Partner in UK-based Consultancy Eyecatcher/Shevolution. Field research took place in the communities of Makwanpur, Chitwan, and Rupandeh districts along with meetings in Kathmandu.

- Afghanistan: field research by Wazhma Frogh took place in three districts of Kabul province, two districts of Parwan province and one district of Kapisa province. Interviews were conducted with activists and organisations working in conflict regions of Gardez and Paktya.

- Uganda: field research by Fabius Okumu-Alya was conducted in five districts: Kampala, Gulu, Amuru, Kitgum and Pader.

KEY RECOMMENDATIONS INCLUDE:

· Recapture the transformative intent behind SCR 1325 by identifying ways to engage women in the substantive work of peace, security and post-conflict governance processes, rather than in siloed and one-time 1325 events

· Fund and implement long-term and integrated, multi-sectoral strategies which embed women's participation and peacebuilding into wider community-based transitional programmes

· Support a strategic approach to consolidating peace by connecting grassroots peacebuilding to national and international peace-making efforts

POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS TO INSTITUTIONAL ACTORS (UN, EU, INGOs)

Excerpts:

TO THE EUROPEAN UNION

POLITICAL SUPPORT AND LEADERSHIP:

•• To use better the leverage provided by the political dialogue conducted in the framework of the Cotonou Agreement, the EU-Africa Strategy and other bilateral and regional agreements, to ensure partner governments commit to addressing women's participation in conflict situations and post-conflict scenarios by changes in their national legislation and its implementation.

•• To strive towards a benchmark of 40% of women holding reconciliation, peacekeeping, peace-enforcement, peace building, and conflict preventive posts in the field missions in which the EU participates, as stated in the European Parliament Report on Participation Women in Peaceful Conflict Resolution (A5-0308/2000, Committee on Women's Rights and Equal Opportunities).

TO THE UN

•• UN Security Council to request the S-G to ensure hiring of greater gender expertise in UN DPA in general, as well as DPA's Mediation Unit, in order to comply with the requirements of SCR 1325 and subsequent resolutions.

•• Where possible, such women should participate directly at the table with planners, mediators and in governance. At the very least, planning and implementation of peace operations, mediation and peacebuilding should establish at the earliest moment possible a formal parallel advisory mechanism for women's input from the level of the front line to UN HQ expertise.

•• To earmark a fixed percentage of funds which are allocated for Peacebuilding/Reconstruction processes (minimum 15%) to projects which directly benefit women.

•• UN DPKO and UN DPA to establish regular opportunities for UN gender advisors and women peacekeepers from field missions to engage in regular cross-learning workshops with NGO practitioners aimed at sharing best practices and informing policy.

•• To regularise the establishment of high-level advisory UN/donor groups to support national implementation of 1325, building on the Nepal model and other efforts to date.

TO INTERNATIONAL NGOs

•• To ensure that INGOs' support to women's participation in peacebuilding and post-conflict governance is informed by integrated conflict and gender analysis, and careful targeting strategies to address the obstacles, risks and the constraints that women face in participation.

•• During the dynamic post-conflict period to sustain and grow national NGOs and local civil society organisations which gained prominence during the conflict and challenge them to build and renew the sources of their legitimacy, especially their linkages to communities and grassroots activism.

Annexe:

REFLECTIONS ON PILOTING THE UN 1325 INDICATORS ON PARTICIPATION

Goal: Inclusion of women and women's interests in decision-making processes related to the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts

Indicator 8: Number and percentage of peace agreements with specific provisions to improve the security and status of women and girls

Our research suggests that more progress has been made in women's participation and rights concerns being incorporated into post-conflict governance and legislative processes than in the earlier stages of peace-making. As such, provisions within peace agreements on the security and status of women and girls constitute an important indicator. However, in addition to the inclusion of specific provisions, there is also a need to monitor their implementation. Too often commitments on paper remain there, with inadequate implementation. Furthermore, women must also be brought more effectively into the mechanics of mediation and peace negotiation processes from the outset.

URL Address: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/VDUX-8BFQNQ?OpenDocument

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