AUGUST 1, 2010: Africa Conflict Prevention Programme Annual Report 2009/10

Africa Conflict Prevention Programme Annual Report 2009/10

SOURCE: United Kingdom Department for International Development

1. Executive Summary

The Africa Conflict Prevention Programme has gone through a drastic prioritisation process in 2009/10 due to funding cuts. ACPP has maintained its level of engagement in the Horn, the region most affected by conflicts in Africa. On top of focussing on "hot" conflicts, ACPP has prioritised its reduced engagement on supporting peace processes and stabilisation in key countries and developing African political and military capability to prevent and manage conflict.

ACPP major achievements and highlights are:

 Training for troop contributors has enhanced the efficiency of the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).

 The ACPP-funded Chair of Sudan's Assessment and Evaluation Commission (AEC) has played a key role in helping move the parties towards discussing post-referendum issues.

 The East African Standby Force successfully held its first deployed Field Training Exercise for peacekeepers, marking a significant step on the way to achieving full operating capability by the deadline of 2015.

 279,263 ex-combatants demobilised by the end of the seven year Demobilisation and Reintegration programme contribute to the pacification of the Great Lakes. Reinsertion and reintegration satisfactory with very low level of military re-enrolment.

 Support for the drafting of a new way ahead has set the African Union's peace and security policy for future years.

 Biometric census of Congolese soldiers resulted in reduction of fraud, regular payment of military salaries, and a five fold pay increase. Together with better discipline and living conditions for the Congolese soldiers, this will reduce the predatory and abusive behaviour by the solders against the local population.

 ACPP funding provided rapid and flexible initial support to the Niger Delta Amnesty Process, and the subsequent development of the demobilisation and reintegration implementation plan.

 The Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF), with ACPP assistance, successfully deployed its first ever peace-keeping force on a UN mission (UNAMID). RSLAF was also reduced to its target manning figure of 8,500 - further transforming the sector from being a burden on Government to an asset.

 Peace Mission Training Centre in Pretoria has supported the training of over 550 South African personnel in Peace Support Operations and other personnel from across the southern Africa region. Overall, the UK has trained around 14,000 African peacekeepers since 2001.

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